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Temperature is critical in every cultivars growth. Extreme hotness or coldness can lead to plant death. Hence, we must enforce the necessary measures to provide our crop with the most suitable condition to thrive.
During the winter season, keeping the grow room warm enough can be quite a challenge. The dropping of the temperature outdoors is beyond our control. Besides, there are various ways we can manage the indoor temperature. Thus, to remain within a comfortable range.
In this article, we will tap into the different techniques we can use. This is to ensure appropriate levels of temperature maintenance throughout the grow room.
- 0.1 Ideal Room Temperature for Plants
- 1 How cold is cold?
Ideal Room Temperature for Plants
Before proceeding with the abnormalities, let us discuss first the basics.
So, what is actually considered as the normal temperature for plants?
Over and over again, we always mention in our write-ups that figures differ. It depends on the cultivars current stage of development.
Heres a quick guide for your reference:
Ideal Grow Room Temperatures
|Cloning Stage||Vegetative Stage||Flowering Stage||Drying Stage||Curing Stage|
|74°F to 78°F||70°F to 78°F||68°F to 75°F||65°F to 74°F||68°F to 72°F|
Regardless of the type of medium you plant your clones into, they thrive best in a warm and humid environment. It would be between 74 to 78°Fahrenheit. Although, you still have to ensure that you wont go overboard with the temp and humidity (over 90%). As this may also post risks of rotting or developing molds.
This is the phase where the plants start to grow its leaves, branches and continue to expand its roots. Exposing it in both very cold and hot temperatures may halt the plants development. They may even run the risk of killing it. Thus, it is best to keep the temps around 70°F to 78°F.
In this period, it is ideal to maintain a bit cooler environment at 68°F to 75°F to grow the best bud quality. Lowering the temperature will likely produce the best bud color, density, and aroma. Especially, during the second half of the flowering stage. It also increases the production of trichomes as well.
It is in the drying stage where the moisture gets drawn out from the plants. Hence, you need to make sure that you are pulling the wet air out. But, don’t blow the fans towards its branches to avoid drying the plants. As much as possible, try to uphold a temperature range of 65°F to 74°F.
In its final stage, individual buds already feel like popcorn dry on the outside. You may now cut them away from the branches and store them in container jars. Curing is best undertaken in a cool and dark place between 2 to 8 weeks or even more depending on the strain. Sustain the temperature setting of about 68°F to 72°F.
How cold is cold?
We have already established the ideal temperature inside the grow room. But, at what particular range can be then considered as too cold for the plants?
The thing with room temperature is that it never stays consistent throughout the day. It is more like a cycle, it rises during daytime and falls by night time. So during these coolest hours, be more thorough in monitoring the grow rooms temperature levels.
During the winter season, it is also quite expected already for temps to drop way below the suitable. So before its onset, you must have already planned and prepared for interventions. This is to aid in the warming of your grow space.
Moreover, there would be significant differences too in the minimum and maximum limits. for the warm and cold-season crops.
|Season||Daytime Temperature||Night Time Temperature|
|Warm Season||Up to 75°F||Not lower than 60°F|
|Cold Season||Up to 60°F||Not lower than 50°F|
Any temperature beyond the said numbers can be already considered as too cold for the plants to grow in. Thus, appropriate warming measures must immediately be rendered to prevent harming the cultivars.
To help you conveniently monitor the accurate temperature levels of your grow room, it would be very useful to install a thermometer device.
Here are some of our top picks:
Plant symptoms indicating the grow room is too cold
You may have neglected to detect or maintain the appropriate temperature in your grow space. Here are a few of the symptoms you can look into. This is to check if your plants are experiencing distress from intense coldness.
- Weak and stunted growth.
- Some or most parts of the plant are damp.
- Formation of molds.
- Changes in yield and color.
- Unpleasant smell and taste of the plant.
- For hydroponic systems, the root becomes chilled or frozen.
If your plants are showing any of the above symptoms, start the warming measures. It will help you to restore the health of the cultivar and rescue it from imminent death.
Problems that may arise from a very cold grow room
The following are the possible issues that are likely to occur due to the unsettling coolness of the grow space.
Unhealthy Grow Environment.
Too low temperatures can leave the room with uneven distribution of heat. Hot and cold spots tend to pop up here and there. Thus, causing the environment to become damp. The mere presence of unwanted wetness can prompt the rotting of the buds. Moreover, this can also precipitate the formation of pests and molds. Hence, even bacteria and fungi.
Affliction in any of the above can cause severe damage to the cultivar. Worse, it can even lead to its demise if not addressed immediately.
In order for germination to take place, it is ideal to maintain a temperature between 65° to 75°Fahrenheit. Thus, even up 80°F for warm-season cultivars. But, if your grow space is somewhere below 60°F, it is too cold for the process to start. As a result, the plants might only end up producing low and poor-quality yield.
Increase Oxygen Concentration.
Basically, if the grow rooms temperature is way below the normal, it can induce the chilling of the liquids. This, in effect, increases the concentration of oxygen in the water.
Oxygen itself is essential for plant growth. Yet, absorbing too much oxygen from the roots has an adverse effect too. Very high O2 levels can disrupt the metabolic and enzymatic processes. So, this hinders the most growth of the cultivar.
How to deal with a cold grow room?
We have already presented the various problems mentioned above. Here are a few of the ways you can resolve the issues with the low temperature inside your grow space.
- Provide Good Room Insulation.
You would need to provide enough insulation. This is one of the most basic things you can do to prevent cold temperatures. The insulator will aid in the conservation of heat from within. Rather than getting it wasted and released out of the space.
Ideally, you should plan and establish this during the set up of your grow area. Especially if your location is bound to experience a winter season. Although, insulation doesn’t pertain only to airflow ducting. There are also alternative methods you can provide the plant the insulation it needs.
- If planted in pots – wrap it with aluminum foil sheets.
- If the container is in direct contact with the cold floor – place it on top of a polystyrene plastic sheet.
- Or, better yet if possible, you can also conceal the entire grow tent from the outside.
- Promote Sufficient Air Circulation.
It is vital to promote proper air circulation during this period. An excellent way to do that is through the use of an oscillating fan. So, it would be more efficient to let the fan sweep side to side or up and down to further ease the movement of air. Rather than focusing the airflow direct towards the plant. Doing such helps with even distribution of heat across the grow space. Hence, eliminating the chances of developing windburn and micro-climates.
Our top picks for oscillating fans:
- Adjust Lighting Periods.
Most indoor growers practice running the light in the morning and turning it off by night. It would help to simulate the normal day and night cycle as it is outdoors. Nonetheless, if its winter, a recommendation would be to reverse the schedule for the time being.
Running the lights during the night instead of the usual mornings will help to provide extra warmth. Considering that light bulbs do emit certain amounts of heat. Even some would think this is a good way to help mitigate the coolness of temperature. The light cycle cannot go on for 24 hours straight. Your plants still need some time of darkness so that they can bloom as well.
You may use temperature timers or controllers to help you regulate the schedules.
Our top picks for light timers:
- Provide Heater Fans.
The heat generated by the light system contributes to the warming of the grow space. It is not enough to sustain the heat within the room. And so, the provision of extra heating devices such as heater fans is still necessary in most cases. Especially during the winter season.
There is a catch though in using heater fans. This is only applicable to grow areas with high humidity. That is because the fan tends to release dry hot air that can lower the relative humidity in the room. So, driving the RH levels too low can ruin the health of your cultivars.
Our top picks for heaters:
- Invest in an Oil-Filled Radiator Heater.
If budget permits, it would be a good idea to invest in an oil-filled radiator. This appliance usually comes with a thermostat controller. This will help you adjust the heat. Moreover, its design is often compact. Thus, you don’t have to worry about it occupying too much space in your grow area.
Our top picks for radiator heaters:
- Warm the Soil with Heat Mats.
Along with the cooling of the air, the plant’s soil and root systems also suffer from low temperatures. As a consequence, it won’t be able to take in as much water and minerals. Thus, hindering the growth and development of the plants.
Besides, a warm ground is also essential in order for the process of germination to take its course. As mentioned earlier, you should maintain a temp between 65°F to 75°F to propagate the seedlings.
To aid in the heating, you can place several heat mats on top of the soil. This would regulate the temperature back to a comfortable level.
Our top picks for heat mats:
- Warming of Water or Nutrient Solutions.
In the case of media-less or soil-less cultivars, heat up the water or nutrient solution. This is another clever way to help warm the plant and help better absorption. Its absence of insulation makes them more prone to getting chilled. Thus, all the more reason you should warm the solution.
Careful though not to heat the liquid too much. Rather, you should warm it up to room temperature only. Way too hot solutions can actually burn and damage the roots. You may use aquarium heaters as well. It would help sustain the favorable temp of the liquid with much better control.
Our top picks for aquarium heaters:
There you have it! There will always be situations wherein we cannot avoid having extreme weather conditions. What winter brings to us is out of our hands to handle. Besides, we have proven that it is not impossible to carry out countermeasures. Thus, to maintain the conduciveness of the grow room even throughout the cold seasons.